Deck Footings – Types, Importance & Other Details
You can’t build a deck without building a proper footing for it first. The decks or any other overhead structures require load-bearing posts that support the framing. Each of these posts must be set in the footing. Generally, a footing is a hole that gets dug into the ground. It is extended below the frost lines and generally filled with concrete.
The builders of GTA Decks – A Decking company, however, points out that the type of footings of the decks depends on the condition of the soil, building codes and the climatic conditions.
Depending on these elements, the type of footing can vary significantly. This article introduces the different footing ideas you will need to consider before building your deck. Check the following section of this article out to find more about the deck footings.
What Is a Deck Footing?
Before going into details about the deck footing, you should understand what a deck footing is. A deck footing is a structure that creates a sturdy foundation for your deck. They are the connecting point between the deck and the ground. That indicates that the footings are the key that helps you to have a secure and firm deck.
If you are thinking about building a deck without any footing, then know that only very small decks can be built without the support that footing provides. If you want a large surface that would support the weight of many people and furniture, then you definitely need to build a footing for your deck.
Why Creating A Footing for Your Deck Is Necessary?
A deck footing simply ensures that your deck does not cave or tip after the installation. Footing keeps your deck high and dry above the land and helps it to fight the rot.
In some states, the construction code requires you to build a footing if you are building a deck for your home. So, not adding a footing to your deck can not only reduce the load-bearing capacity of your deck but also create the chances of facing the wrath of the local government.
What Are The Different Types of Footings?
As we have mentioned earlier, depending on the conditions of the soil and the legal requirements, the type of footings can be different. Each of the following footings serves different purposes and comes at different prices. Let’s check a few different footing techniques and find out the materials that you can use.
Precast Cement Block
The precast cement blocks are the cheapest and probably the easiest footings that you can install. In this type of footing, each of the blocks is buried right beneath the surface of the ground. While building the deck, you should place the blocks close to each other.
Even if you are building a small deck, you might require quite a several blocks. These blocks come with a convenient notch that helps GTA Decks – A Decking Company to fit it into ground treated lumber. If you are building a deck close to the ground, then the cement-treated blocks could be a great pocket-friendly option for you.
However, the blocks might not be the most durable footing that you can get for your deck. Some of the states might not approve the usage of such footings for building the deck.
Also Read: Deck Safety Tips That You Should Know Before Building One
Poured Concrete Footings
This footing involves digging a deep hole below the frost line and then pouring the concrete directly into the ground. The poured concrete footing is one of the most labor-intensive types depending on the place you live in.
As we have mentioned earlier, the first step of installing his footing is to dig a deep hole below the frost line. In some northern states, the frost line can be even 70 inches deep. Once the holes are dug, you have to pour concrete directly inside it. This will create a strong concrete pillar. You can attach the deck posts with the top of the pillars using a metal bracket.
During the pouring process, you can use cardboard to give the pillars the form you want. Even though it takes a lot of time and trouble to build concrete pillars, they create one of the strongest footings. These footings are perfect for the larger decks that are high above the ground. They are also perfect for supporting the weight of the hot tub or any other larger items.
Precast Stackable Cement Footing
These are similar to the previous one. However, they do not require you to pour the concrete anywhere. You just need to dig a deep home and place the pieces inside it. These footings will help you to create a strong structure that is safe for your friends and family members.
Buried Post Footings
The buried post footings are a lot similar to that of the poured concrete versions. However, they save a lot of labor on your part. You need to dig the hole below the frost line and then pour concrete into it. Secure a pressure-treated wood post into the concrete once the pouring is completed. The entire process does not require as much concrete, and it helps you to save a lot of money as well as time. Additionally you can checkout to guide on pile foundation
So, these are some of the footing options that you can try while building the deck. As it is almost impossible for a novice to understand which type of the footing would suit your deck the best, you should get in touch with the builders of GTA Decks – A Decking Company. They can guide you and help you choose the right footing for your deck.