Brutalist Architecture Style – Appreciated And Hated In Equal Measure

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Influential, an impressive structure with a modest and unapologetic aesthetic, yet standing out from the crowd for its bold distinctiveness, brutalist architecture style is difficult to fall in love with at first sight. However, this controversial architecture style that rocked the world and loved and loathed in equal measure is once again under the spotlight these days. Therefore, it is the best idea to understand this architecture style in detail.

So, without further ado, let us get started understanding what brutalist architecture style is.

What is the Brutalist Architecture Style?

Brutalist Architecture

Source: fodors.com

Usually, people say that trends are circular and what is old becomes new again. This stands true for fashion, music, and art. When it comes to the architectural style that exemplifies this principle better than any other style is – Brutalist Architecture Style.

You may have heard this term and thought it as a bit harsh. However, the rough and aggressive name is the right name for this style of architecture. The word ‘brutal’ comes from the French béton brut that refers to the ‘raw cement’ used in many buildings. In this architecture style, the rawness refers to the stripped back and clearly eye-catching concrete that constructs the designs.

Where and When

World war – 2 put an end to the perkiness of previous decades’ architectural design style. Across Europe, areas that were destroyed by enemy bombs were rebuilt with fortitude and optimism. After the war population was needed housing around the world. Therefore, to meet the requirement for the pocket-friendly homes, architects moved to concrete as an affordable material that allowed for immediate construction.

During 1950, 60s and through to the mid-70s, brutalist architecture style was quite popular among government clients who are looking to construct high-rise apartments, shopping centers, educational institutes, and other projects. You can see many buildings of this style in the United Kingdom, the USA, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, and in other countries.

Le Corbusier and the Unite d’Habitation

The Swiss-French architect Le Corbusier has immense love for concrete and his love translated into a building that you can consider the birth of Brutalism. The Unite d’Habitation in Marseilles, France was his 1st project in 10 years. His practice has to face interruption in World War 2.

The Fall of Brutalism

In the 1980s, Brutalism began losing its position in popular architecture style. This downfall is because of the cold and ascetic nature of this architecture that is also linked with totalitarianism. Another reason Brutalism falls is the raw concrete usage in construction. This raw concrete did not age well and generally shows signs of water damage and decay. These pitfalls usually brought down the overall aesthetic.

Throughout the 1980s, this architectural style gave the way to state-of-the-art architecture and deconstructivism. Due to this, the post-modern architecture style got born.

Also Read: Top 16 Brutalist Architecture Designs That Was Built In Early 20th Century

Pros of Brutalist Architecture

  • The main advantage of brutalist architecture is its durability. The reason behind it is the usage of concrete. This concrete can easily be poured into any form. It makes it the perfect pick for the clients who are in search of the shapes and elements that fall outside of the usual options available with wood and steel framing.
  • The usage of concrete in this style of architecture offers very effective thermal mass. It absorbs and retains heat well. Therefore, concrete buildings remain cool in the summer and warm in the winter.

Cons of Brutalist Architecture

  • When it comes to cons, the concrete can be a big contributor to pollution. This is because of the cement which is the main element in concrete. Cement is a major producer of carbon dioxide.
  • Many people want to stay away from concrete due to its visual appearance. This style of buildings looks very heavy and if not kept clean it can quickly get dirty and run-down.

Top 9 Brutalist Wonders Of The Architecture World

 

1. Barbican Centre and Estate

Brutalist Architecture

Source: windows.net

Location: London

Year built: 1982

Architects: Chamberlin, Powell & Bon

 

 2. The Bank of London and South America

Brutalist Architecture

Source: i.pinimg.com

Location: Buenos Aires

Year built: 1966

Architects: Clorindo Testa and SEPRA  

 

 3. Spomenik Memorials

Brutalist Architecture

Source: spectrumphoto.co.uk

Location: Throughout the former Yugoslavia

Years built: 1950–2000

 

 4. Geisel Library

Brutalist Architecture

Source: thedailybeast.com

Location: La Jolla, California

Year built: 1970

Architects: William L. Pereira & Associates

 

 5. The Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Assumption

Brutalist Architecture

Source: etips.com

Location: San Francisco

Year built: 1970

Architects: Pier Luigi Nervi & Pietro Belluschi

 

 6. Trellick Tower

Brutalist Architecture

Source: affino.com

Location: London

Year built: 1972

Architect: Ernő Goldfinger

 

 7. Hill of the Buddha

Brutalist Architecture

Source: jnto.go.jp

Location: Sapporo, Japan

Year built: 2015

Architect: Tadao Ando

 

 8. Boston City Hall

Brutalist Architecture

Source: adsttc.com

Location: Boston

Year built: 1969

Architects: Kallmann, McKinnell & Knowles

 

 9. The Met Breuer

Brutalist Architecture

Source: metmuseum.org

Location: New York City

Year built: 1966

Architect: Marcel Breuer

 

Concluding Remarks

Are you a fan of the brutalist architecture style? Share your views with us in a comment section below.

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